HELP Malaria Prevention and Diagnosis Project

The goal of the malaria prevention and diagnosis project is to reduce the incidence of malaria among pregnant women and children under five by 20% and among the general population by 15% in 5 years. To achieve this goal the following multiple control strategies will be implemented by HELP-Ghana.RC over the next 5 years.

Prevention through:
1. Increased use of Long Lasting Insecticides treated Nets (LLITNs) among  pregnant women and the general population.
2. Improved drainage, mosquito-proofing of houses and general sanitation
3. Reduced mosquito population through in-door residual spraying and larviciding.

Prompt and effective treatment through:
1. Early recognition of fever, early and appropriate treatment with ACTs at home.
2. Proper diagnosis of malaria using RDTs or microscopes,
3. Appropriate referral of severe cases.

OBJECTIVES
1. To change the attitudes and behaviors of health care service providers to test all suspected malaria cases using microscopes or RDTs before treatment.
2. To change the attitudes and behaviors of health care seekers to demand to be tested using microscopes or RDTs before being treated for malaria.
3. To galvanize community support for the proper diagnosis of malaria using microscopes or RDTs.
4. To change the attitude and behaviors of health care seekers to sleep under Long Lasting Insecticide Nets, use the recommended drugs to treat malaria, keep to the treatment regimen and to keep their environment clean.

Outcomes
1. Incidence of malaria among pregnant women and children under 5 reduced by at least 30% in 5 years in target districts.
2. To have at least 70% of all malaria cases confirmed by either microscopes or RDTs before treatment in all target districts in 5 years.

Targets
1. General population, including pregnant women, to be reached with messages on malaria prevention and diagnosis: 1,000,000 people in 5 years (200,000 annually).
2. 100,000 Healthcare service providers would be reached with messages on malaria diagnosis using RDT’s or Microscopes in 5 years (20,000 annually).
3. 300 community volunteers trained in 300 communities in 5 years
4. Organize at least 3,000 community durbars in 5 years (2 durbars per year per 300 communities per 5 years)

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